Damascus is mostly believed to be the oldest inhabited city (Oudste bewoonde stad) in the world, with evidence of habitation at least 11,000 years back. Damascus located in Syria and persistence has made the city a nexus for civilizations to come and go.
Damascus is the capital of Syria and the largest city of the country. It is reported that Damascus is continuously following a decline in population due to the battle for the city. Damascus is a major cultural center of the Levant and the Arab world and the estimated population is 1,711,000 as of 2009.
Damascus is the center In south-western Syria with a large metropolitan area of 2.7 million people as of 2004. Damascus included on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometers (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 meters (2,230 ft) above sea level. Generally, Damascus experiences a dry climate because of the rain shadow effect in all around the city. The Barada River flows through Damascus providing natural beauty.
In Damascus political decline can be seen throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance during the Ayyubid and Mamluk period. Currently, it represents the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. It has been 8 years since the start of the Syrian Civil War as of September 2019. Damascus has been known as the world’s least livable city by the Economist Intelligence Unit.