Thyroid goiter is like, the neck is swollen and fat. It can identify whether it is not fat since it is firm and does not move much. Most of the time Thyroid goiter are painless, but they may produce symptoms due to their size itself.
Thyroid goiter which defined as “GOI-tur” is an abnormal enlargement of your thyroid gland. Your thyroid is gland which shaped a butterfly located at the base of your neck just below your Adam’s apple. Although a large goiter can cause a cough and make it difficult for you to swallow or breathe, Thyroid goiter are usually painless.
The most common cause around the world of Thyroid goiter is a lack of iodine in the diet. In the USA, where the use of iodized salt is common, a thyroid goiter is more often due to the over or underproduction of thyroid hormones or to nodules in the gland itself.
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Signs and symptoms may occur during Thyroid goiter
• A swelling at the base of your neck (It may be particularly obvious when you shave or makeup)
• A tight feeling in your throat.
• Difficulty swallowing.
• Difficulty breathing.
Test and medical checkup which helps to diagnosing Thyroid goiter
1. A hormone tests. Blood tests can determine the number of hormones produced by your thyroid and pituitary glands.
2. An antibody tests. Some causes of a goiter involve production of abnormal antibodies.
4. A thyroid scan.
5. A biopsy.
Get rid of Thyroid goiter
A simple thyroid goiter may disappear on its own within 1 to 3 months or may become larger. Over time, the thyroid gland may stop making enough thyroid hormone. This condition is called hypothyroidism. In some cases, a Thyroid goiter becomes toxic and produces thyroid hormone on its own.
If you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing, one option to get rid from thyroid goiter is to remove all or part of your thyroid gland and its call total or partial thyroidectomy.
But in some cases, it may have a nodular goiter causing hyperthyroidism and at that time Surgery is the treatment.